Tonga is one of the southernmost coffee growing regions in the world, its geographical location mimic’s the famous coffee growing areas of Central and South America, Africa and the Middle East, and Southeast Asia.
This area between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn is referred to as the "Bean Belt" by connoisseurs of coffee as nearly all of the commercially grown coffee in the world comes out of these regions. The best beans produced are those grown at high altitudes, in a moist, tropical climate, with rich soils and temperatures around 70°F (21°C). Tonga is very close to the Tropic of Capricorn and its altitude is equivalent to an altitude of 900 to 1,000 metres in the Equator region of the “Bean Belt”.
Every coffee exporting area produces a coffee that is distinctive of its climate, topography, and even its growing practices. Locally grown in Tonga, these Arabica beans have a very distinctive bold flavour presenting a soft acidity and a good body. It is a well known fact that coffees produced in proximity to the sea develop a special character since the large body of water generates thermal air currents carrying moisture, as well as trace mineral elements which contribute to the overall taste profile of the coffee grown close to the sea. The pristine waters of the South Pacific have this effect on Tongan coffee and provide it its distinctive character.